Lexicographica: Series Maior

Supplementbände zum Internationalen Jahrbuch für Lexikographie

Band 94:
Gotti, Maurizio: The Language of Thieves and Vagabonds. 17th and 18th Century Canting Lexicography in England. VI/159 S. - Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1999.
ISBN: 3-484-30994-6

Dieser Band ist im IDS verfügbar:

[Buch] IDS-Bibliothek: Sig. QB 2138
Alternatives Medium:
E-Book (PDF). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-092440-4

The object of the volume is the analysis of the main dictionaries and glossaries of the canting language (the particular jargon spoken by thieves and vagabonds) that appeared in the 17th and 18th centuries. The scholars' attention has mostly concentrated on the earliest publications – particulary those appearing in the Elizabethan period -, while relatively little research has investigated subsequent canting dictionaries and glossaries. The aim of the present volume is to fill this gap. The main works on canting published in the 17th and 18th centuries are analysed in chapters 3 to 10. The first two chapters provide a necessary introduction to the investigation carried out in the subsequent sections, examining the great increase in the numbers of vagabonds and criminals in England in that period from a sociohistorical perspective and reviewing the 16th-century English literature about the underworld. The subsequent eight chapters give a detailed analysis of the main works on canting which appeared in the second part of the 17th century and during the whole of the 18th century. The specific features of each publication are identified, as well as the method adopted by its author in the compilation of his dictionary/glossary and the most likely sources of its entries, in order to determine the degree of novelty and relevance that his contribution has brought to this field. The final chapter deals with the evolution in the meaning of the term 'cant' itself in the period taken into consideration.


mehr anzeigen
Preface S. 1
1.   The English underworld in the 16th- 18th centuries S. 5
2.   Early canting literature S. 16
3.   The new canting terms reported by Richard Head S. 33
4.   The canting terms of Coles' dictionary S. 50
5.   B.E.'s innovative approach S. 61
6.   The canting component of The Ladies Dictionary S. 69
7.   Alexander Smith's Thieves New Canting Dictionary S. 76
8.   Lexical additions in A New Canting Dictionary S. 85
9.   John Poulter's canting expressions S. 94
10.   Francis Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue S. 101
11.   The evolution of the concept of cant in the 17th and 18th centuries S. 114
Appendices S. 123
Bibliography S. 137
Summaries S. 141
Indexes S. 143