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Lexicographica: Series Maior

Supplementbände zum Internationalen Jahrbuch für Lexikographie

Band 64:
Kachru, Braj B. / Kahane, Henry (Hrsg.): Cultures, Ideologies, and the Dictionary. Studies in Honor of Ladislav Zgusta. LXVI/458 S. - Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1995.
ISBN: 3-484-30364-4
Dieser Band ist im IDS verfügbar:
[Buch] IDS-Bibliothek: Sig. E 385
Alternatives Medium:
E-Book (PDF). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-095707-5

A pioneering volume addressing issues related to cultures, ideologies, and the dictionary. A cross-cultural and cross-linguistic study with focus on selected Western and non-Western languages. A number of in-depth case studies illustrates the dominant role ideology and other types of bias play in the making of a dictionary. The volume includes invited papers of 40 internationally recognized scholars.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Preface S. IX
Acknowledgements S. XI
Kachru, Braj B.:
  Ladislav Zgusta: the Illinois Years S. XIII
Bibliography of Publications by Ladislav Zgusta S. XXI
Kachru, Braj B.:
  Introduction S. LXIII
I. Contextualizing Culture
Bartholomew, Doris:
  Otomí Culture from Dictionary Illustrative Sentences S. 3
Corbin, Pierre:
  Un Film, Deux Linguistes et Quelques Dictionnaires
Un Regard Particulier sur Simple Mortel de Pierre Jolivet
S. 9
Fishman, Joshua A.:
  Dictionaries as Culturally Constructed and as Culture-Constructing Artifacts: The Reciprocity View as Seen from Yiddish Sources S. 29
Hausmann, Franz Josef:
  Allusions Littéraires et Citations Historiques Dans le Trésor de la Langue Française S. 35
Fernando Lara, Luis:
  Towards a Theory of the Cultural Dictionary S. 41
Lehmann, Winfred P.:
  The Spindle or the Distaff S. 53
Malkiel, Yakov:
  The Principal Categories of Learned Words S. 61
Nida, Eugene A.:
  Lexical Cosmetics S. 69
II. Lexicography in Historical Context
Karttunen, Frances:
  The Roots of Sixteenth-Century Mesoamerican Lexicography S. 75
Creamer, Thomas B. I.:
  The Current State of Chinese Lexicography S. 89
Kibbee, Douglas A.:
  The 'New Historiography', the History of French and 'Le Bon Usage' in Nicot's Dictionary S. 103
Nguyen, Dinh-Hoà:
  On Chi-nam Ngoc-am Giai-nghia: An Early Chinese-Vietnamese dictionary S. 119
Stein, Gabriele:
  Chaucer and Lydgate in Palsgrave's Lesclarcissement S. 127
III. Ideology, Norms and Language Use
Alvar Ezquerra, Manuel:
  Political Considerations on Spanish Dictionaries S. 143
Farina, Donna M. T. Cr.:
  Marrism and Soviet Lexicography S. 153
Morello. Carla:
  Florence like Athens and Italian like Greek: An Ideologically Biased Theme in the Forewords of Some Italian Thesauri of the 19th Century S. 171
Wierzbicka, Anna:
  Dictionaries and Ideologies: Three Examples from Eastern Europe S. 181
Zorc, R. David:
  Philippine Regionalism versus Nationalism and the Lexicographer S. 197
IV. Pluricentricity and Ethnocentricism
Algeo, John:
  British and American Biases in English Dictionaries S. 205
Kim, Chin W.:
  One language, Two Ideologies, and Two Dictionaries: The Case of Korean S. 213
Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Barbara:
  Worldview and Verbal Senses S. 223
Poirier, Claude:
  De la Soumission à la Prise de Parole: Le Cheminement de la Lexicographie au Québec S. 237
Whitcut, Janet:
  Taking it for Granted: Some Cultural Preconceptions in English Dictionaries S. 253
V. Dictionaries across Languages and Cultures
Kachru, Yamuna:
  Lexical Exponents of Cultural Contact: Speech Act Verbs in Hindi-English Dictionaries S. 261
Steiner, Roger J.:
  The Bilingual Dictionary in Cross-Cultural Contexts S. 275
VI. Language Dynamics vs. Prescriptivism
Cowle, Anthony P.:
  The Learner's Dictionary in a Changing Cultural Perspective S. 283
Gouws, Rufus H.:
  Dictionaries and the Dynamics of Language Change S. 297
Knowles, Francis E.:
  Dictionaries for the People or for People? S. 315
VII. Language Learner as the Consumer
Dalgish, Gerard M.:
  Learners' Dictionaries: Keeping the Learner in Mind S. 329
VIII. Structuring Semantics
Dolezal, Fredric F. M.:
  The Dictionary as Philosophy: Reconstructing the Meaning of Our Father S. 341
Key, Mary Ritchie:
  Meaning as Derived from Word Formation in South American Indian Languages S. 353
Louw, Johannes P.:
  How Many Meanings to a Word? S. 357
IX. Ethical Issues and Lexicologists' Biases
Gold, David L.:
  When Religion Intrudes into Etymology
(On The Word: The Dictionary that Reveals the Hebrew Source of English)
S. 369
McArthur, Tom:
  Culture-Bound and Trapped by Technology: Centuries of Bias in the Making of Wordbooks S. 381
X. Terminology across Cultures
Poláček, Zdenek:
  Amharic Lexicography and the Dynamics of Sociopolitical Terminology S. 393
Richter, Gunnar O.:
  Grammatical Indications in Chinese Monolingual Dictionaries S. 401
XI. Afterword
Kachru, Braj B.:
  Afterword: Directions and Challenges S. 417
 
Notes on Contributors S. 425
Abstracts, Résumés, and Zusammenfassungen S. 431