Lexicographica: Series Maior

Supplementbände zum Internationalen Jahrbuch für Lexikographie

Band 112:
Wingate, Ursula: The Effectiveness of Different Learner Dictionaries. An Investigation into the Use of Dictionaries for Reading Comprehension by Intermediate Learners of German. X/301 S. - Tübingen: Niemeyer, 2002.
ISBN: 3-484-39112-X

Dieser Band ist im IDS verfügbar:

[Buch] IDS-Bibliothek: Sig. QB 2353
Alternatives Medium:
E-Book (PDF). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-096093-8

This book examines two questions: firstly, which dictionary type, bilingual or monolingual, is most effective for intermediate learners of German, and secondly, which features make monolingual dictionary definitions more effective. Using Chinese students from Hong Kong and Shanghai as the subjects of research, the effectiveness of the different dictionary types for reading comprehension and incidental vocabulary learning was measured experimentally and by the think-aloud method.

The only monolingual learner dictionary for German available at that time proved linguistically too difficult for the intermediate proficiency level. Therefore, new definitions were developed based on findings from the think-aloud study and on principles promoted as user-friendly in lexicographic literature. Comparison of the two definition types revealed several features that determine their effectiveness for intermediate learners. Findings have theoretical and pedagogical implications. In the theoretical field, some lexicographic principles were recommended that are, unlike previous principles, based on empirical insights into user needs. In the pedagogical field, the findings provide an empirical basis for the evaluation and recommendation of suitable dictionaries for intermediate learners.


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1.   Introduction S. 1
2.   Literature Review S. 14
3.   Methodology S. 61
4.   The comparison between the bilingual and the monolingual dictionary S. 92
5.   The development of the ‘new definitions’ S. 123
6.   The comparison between the different definition types: the main think-aloud study S. 144
7.   The comparison between the different definition types: the experiment S. 193
8.   Conclusion S. 220
References S. 241
Appendices S. 251
German Resume S. 291
French Resume S. 296