Linguistische Arbeiten

Band 553:
Schramm, Mareile: The Emergence of Creole Syllable Structure. 416 S. - Berlin / Boston: de Gruyter, 2014.
ISBN: 978-3-11-034068-6

Dieser Band ist im IDS verfügbar:

[Buch] IDS-Bibliothek: Sig. QA 4388
Alternative Medien:
E-Book (PDF). Berlin / Boston: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-034783-8
E-Book (EPUB). Berlin / Boston: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-039461-0

This book investigates syllable structure and phonotactic restructuring in six Caribbean creoles with Dutch, English and French as main lexifier languages. The earliest reliable data available for each creole are analysed statistically to determine which lexifier structures are retained in the creole, which ones undergo restructuring (and at which rates) and which restructuring mechanisms are preferred in case of repair. The description of creole structures is kept as theory-neutral as possible to make the analysis meaningful to researchers working in different theoretical frameworks. The investigation reveals that, although some structures are more commonly permitted than others, there is considerable cross-creole variation, especially with respect to word-final structures. This variation concerns both permissible structures and the preferred choice among different repair strategies. It is shown that the vast majority of the observed patterns can receive a plausible explanation if we assume that L1 transfer, substrate levelling and (partial) L2 acquisition feature prominently among the mechanisms in creolisation. The findings thus provide support for recent SLA approaches to the emergence of creole phonology (Plag 2009, Uffmann 2009).


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Acknowledgments S. V
Abbreviations and notational conventions S. XI
1.   Introduction S. 1
2.   Creole genesis and syllable structure S. 4
3.   Data and Methodology S. 14
4.   Syllable structure and phonotactic restructuring in the Dutch-based creoles S. 45
5.   Syllable structure and phonotactic restructuring in the English-based creoles S. 116
6.   Syllable structure and phonotactic restructuring in the French-based creoles S. 174
7.   Syllable structure in the six creoles: Similarities and differences S. 232
8.   Explaining creole phonotactic restructuring S. 254
9.   Creole syllable structure: A final assessment S. 309
Bibliography S. 315