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Linguistische Arbeiten

Band 364:
van Gelderen, Elly: Verbal Agreement and the Grammar behind its 'Breakdown'. Minimalist feature checking. XIV/222 S. - Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1997.
ISBN: 3-484-30364-6
Dieser Band ist im IDS verfügbar:
[Buch] IDS-Bibliothek: Sig. MG 3862
Alternatives Medium:
E-Book (PDF). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter. ISBN: 978-3-11-095999-4

This book is about what the 'lack' of agreement indicates about the structure of language. Rather than assuming that mistakes occur in languages, disagreement can be seen as an indication of a certain structural relationship. In a Minimalist framework, the partial agreement or complete lack of agreement is determined by when checking of case and agreement takes place and with what nominal element. Earlier work has shown that there may be variation regarding the number of functional categories a language activates. If that account is correct, languages with fewer functional categories (Dutch and Old English) will also have fewer specifiers and therefore less Spec-Head agreement. In these cases, government will play a role in the checking of case and agreement. There are, however, other reasons for the 'breakdown'. For instance, expletives play a major role and they may only be specified for some features (number or person) and when they agree with the verb, the 'real' subject does not. Two additional reasons are discussed: the impact from grammaticalization and from asymmetrical (e.g. coordinate) structures. The focus is on Modern, Old and Middle English and Dutch, but other Germanic languages (German, Swedish, Yiddish), Romance languages (Catalan, French, Italian, Spanish), Arabic, Chamorro, Hebrew, Hopi, Kirundi, O'odham, Navajo, and Urdu/Hindi are discussed as well.


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Preface S. XI
List of Abbreviations S. XIII
Introduction S. 1
1.   Lack of Agreement with Verb Subjekt I: Empty Expletives S. 17
2.   Past Participle Agreement: Lack of Agreement with Verb Object S. 35
3.   Lack of Agreement with Verb Subject II: Government S. 47
4.   Lack of Agreement in Wh-Structures S. 65
5.   The History of There S. 86
6.   There-Expletives S. 111
7.   Expletive It S. 125
8.   Argument It: with and without Features S. 147
9.   Indefinites: The Grammaticalization of Nouns S. 161
10.   Coordinated Structures S. 171
11.   Conclusion: Further Issues Regarding Agreement S. 197
References S. 205
Index of Authors S. 215
Index of Subjects S. 219